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3D Secure 2 Component

Add native 3D Secure 2 authentication to your integration.

Our 3D Secure 2 Component handles the 3D Secure 2 device fingerprinting and challenge flows, including the data exchange between your front end and the issuer's Access Control Server (ACS).

When adding native 3D Secure 2 authentication to your integration:

  1. Collect additional parameters in your payment form.
  2. Provide additional parameters when making a payment request.
  3. Use the 3D Secure 2 Component to perform the authentication flow.
  4. If you indicated that your integration can handle 3D Secure 1 and the payment was routed to 3D Secure 1, use the Redirect Component.

This page describes the integration steps for v3.0.0 or later of iOS Components. If you are using an earlier version, refer to an earlier version of this integration guide.

Before you begin

Before starting your integration, make sure that you have integrated our Card Component, or built your own UI for collecting shopper's card details.

Collect additional parameters in your payment form

For higher authentication rates, we strongly recommend that you collect the card holder name for payments with 3D Secure authentication.
To collect the card holder name using our Card Component, specify the following when adding the Card Component:

  • showsHolderNameField: true
let configuration = CardComponent.Configuration(showsHolderNameField: true)
let component =  CardComponent(paymentMethod: paymentMethod,
                                   apiContext: apiContext,
                                   configuration: configuration)
component.delegate = self
self.cardComponent = component
present(component.viewController, animated: true)

We also recommend that you collect the shopper billing address in advance in your payment form. Deliver this parameter to your backend when making a payment as it is required by the card schemes.

Make a payment

From your server, make a /payments request, specifying:

Parameter name Required Description
paymentMethod -white_check_mark- If using the Card Component, pass the data.paymentMethod object from the didSubmit event from your client app. If submitting raw card data, refer to Raw card data for the fields that you need to pass.
channel -white_check_mark- Set to iOS.
additionalData.allow3DS2 -white_check_mark- Set to true. Indicates that your integration can handle native 3D Secure 2 authentication.
browserInfo -white_check_mark- Contains the userAgent and acceptHeader fields. Indicates that your integration can handle 3D Secure 1 redirect authentication in case the transaction is routed to 3D Secure 1. If your integration is unable to generate this information, you can send the same data as in the request below.
returnUrl -white_check_mark- In case of a 3D Secure 1 flow, this is the URL where the shopper will be redirected back to after completing 3D Secure 1 authentication. Use the custom URL for your app, for example, my-app://. For more information on setting custom URL schemes, refer to the Apple Developer documentation.
billingAddress The cardholder's billing address.
shopperEmail The cardholder's email address.

To increase the likelihood of achieving a frictionless flow and higher authorisation rates, we recommend that you send additional parameters.

For channel iOS, we recommend including these additional parameters: billingAddress and shopperEmail.

curl https://checkout-test.adyen.com/v67/payments \
-H "X-API-key: [Your API Key here]" \
-H "Content-Type: application/json" \
-d '{
   "amount":{
      "currency":"EUR",
      "value":1000
   },
   "reference":"YOUR_ORDER_NUMBER",
   "shopperReference":"YOUR_UNIQUE_SHOPPER_ID",
   "{hint:data.paymentMethod from app}paymentMethod{/hint}":{
      "type":"scheme",
      "encryptedCardNumber":"adyenjs_0_1_18$k7s65M5V0KdPxTErhBIPoMPI8HlC..",
      "encryptedExpiryMonth":"adyenjs_0_1_18$p2OZxW2XmwAA8C1Avxm3G9UB6e4..",
      "encryptedExpiryYear":"adyenjs_0_1_18$CkCOLYZsdqpxGjrALWHj3QoGHqe+..",
      "encryptedSecurityCode":"adyenjs_0_1_24$XUyMJyHebrra/TpSda9fha978+..",
      "holderName":"S. Hopper"
   },
   "additionalData":{
      "allow3DS2":true
   },
   "{hint:state.data.billingAddress from onSubmit}billingAddress{/hint}": {
      "street": "Infinite Loop",
      "houseNumberOrName": "1",
      "postalCode": "1011DJ",
      "city": "Amsterdam",
      "country": "NL"
   },
   "{hint:Required for 3D Secure 1}browserInfo{/hint}: {
      "userAgent":"Mozilla/5.0 (iPhone; CPU iPhone OS 11_0 like Mac OS X) AppleWebKit/604.1.38 (KHTML, like Gecko) Version/11.0 Mobile/15A5370a Safari/604.1",
      "acceptHeader":"text\/html,application\/xhtml+xml,application\/xml;q=0.9,image\/webp,image\/apng,*\/*;q=0.8"
   },
   "shopperEmail":"s.hopper@example.com"
   "channel":"iOS",
   "returnUrl":"my-app://",
   "merchantAccount":"YOUR_MERCHANT_ACCOUNT"
}'
require 'adyen-ruby-api-library'

# Set your X-API-KEY with the API key from the Customer Area.
adyen = Adyen::Client.new
adyen.env = :test
adyen.api_key = "YOUR_X-API-KEY"

# STATE_DATA is the paymentMethod field of an object passed from the front end or client app, deserialized from JSON to a data structure.
paymentMethod = STATE_DATA

response = adyen.checkout.payments({
    :additionalData => {
        :allow3DS2 => "true"
  },
    :paymentMethod => paymentMethod,
    :billingAddress => {
        :city => "Amsterdam",
        :country => "NL",
        :houseNumberOrName => "1",
        :postalCode => "1011DJ",
        :street => "Infinite Loop"
  },
    :browserInfo => {        # Data object passed from the onSubmit event, parsed from JSON to a Hash.
        :userAgent =>  "Mozilla/5.0 (iPhone; CPU iPhone OS 11_0 like Mac OS X) AppleWebKit/604.1.38 (KHTML, like Gecko) Version/11.0 Mobile/15A5370a Safari/604.1",
        :acceptHeader => "text\/html,application\/xhtml+xml,application\/xml;q=0.9,image\/webp,image\/apng,*\/*;q=0.8",

  },
    :amount => {
        :currency => 'EUR',
        :value => 1000
    },
    :channel => 'iOS',
    :reference => 'YOUR_ORDER_NUMBER',
    :shopperEmail => "s.hopper@example.com",
    :returnUrl => 'my-app://',
    :merchantAccount => 'YOUR_MERCHANT_ACCOUNT'
})
// Set your X-API-KEY with the API key from the Customer Area.
String xApiKey = "YOUR_X-API-KEY";
Client client = new Client(xApiKey,Environment.TEST);
Checkout checkout = new Checkout(client);
PaymentsRequest paymentsRequest = new PaymentsRequest();
paymentsRequest.setMerchantAccount("YOUR_MERCHANT_ACCOUNT");
// STATE_DATA is the paymentMethod field of an object passed from the front end or client app, deserialized from JSON to a data structure.
  Map<String, String> additionalData = new HashMap<>();
  additionalData.put("allow3DS2", "true");

  paymentsRequest.setAdditionalData(additionalData);
paymentsRequest.setPaymentMethod(STATE_DATA)
Amount amount = new Amount();
amount.setCurrency("EUR");
amount.setValue(1000L);
paymentsRequest.setAmount(amount);
Address billingAddress = new Address();
billingAddress.setCity("Amsterdam");
billingAddress.setCountry("NL");
billingAddress.setHouseNumberOrName("1");
billingAddress.setPostalCode("1011DJ");
billingAddress.setStreet("Infinite Loop");

paymentsRequest.setBillingAddress(billingAddress);
BrowserInfo browserInfo = new BrowserInfo();
browserInfo.setUserAgent("Mozilla/5.0 (iPhone; CPU iPhone OS 11_0 like Mac OS X) AppleWebKit/604.1.38 (KHTML, like Gecko) Version/11.0 Mobile/15A5370a Safari/604.1");
browserInfo.setAcceptHeader("text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,image/webp,image/apng,*/*;q=0.8");

{ % REQUEST_INSTANCE % }.setChannel({ % REQUEST_CLASS % }.ChannelEnum.iOS);
paymentsRequest.setReference("YOUR_ORDER_NUMBER");
paymentsRequest.setShopperEmail("s.hopper@example.com");
paymentsRequest.setReturnUrl("my-app://");
PaymentsResponse paymentsResponse = checkout.payments(paymentsRequest);
// Set your X-API-KEY with the API key from the Customer Area.
$client = new \Adyen\Client();
$client->setEnvironment(\Adyen\Environment::TEST);
$client->setXApiKey("YOUR_X-API-KEY");
$service = new \Adyen\Service\Checkout($client);

// STATE_DATA is the paymentMethod field of an object passed from the front end or client app, deserialized from JSON to a data structure.
$paymentMethod = STATE_DATA;;

$params = array(
    "additionalData" => [
         "allow3DS2" => true
  ],
    "paymentMethod" => $paymentMethod,
    "billingAddress" => [
        "city" => "Amsterdam",
        "country" => "NL",
        "houseNumberOrName" => "1",
        "postalCode" => "1011DJ",
        "street" => "Infinite Loop"
  ],
    "browserInfo" => [
        "userAgent" => "Mozilla/5.0 (iPhone; CPU iPhone OS 11_0 like Mac OS X) AppleWebKit/604.1.38 (KHTML, like Gecko) Version/11.0 Mobile/15A5370a Safari/604.1",
        "acceptHeader" => "text\/html,application\/xhtml+xml,application\/xml;q=0.9,image\/webp,image\/apng,*\/*;q=0.8",

  ],
    "amount" => array(
        "currency" => "EUR",
        "value" => 1000
    ),
    "channel" => "iOS",
    "reference" => "YOUR_ORDER_NUMBER",
    "shopperEmail" = "s.hopper@example.com",
    "returnUrl" => "my-app://",
    "merchantAccount" => "YOUR_MERCHANT_ACCOUNT"
);
$result = $service->payments($params);
# Set your X-API-KEY with the API key from the Customer Area.
adyen = Adyen.Adyen()
adyen.payment.client.platform = "test"
adyen.client.xapikey = 'YOUR_X-API-KEY'

# STATE_DATA is the paymentMethod field of an object passed from the front end or client app, deserialized from JSON to a data structure.
paymentMethod = STATE_DATA

result = adyen.checkout.payments({
    'additionalData': {
        'allow3DS2': 'true'
  },
    'paymentMethod': paymentMethod,
    'billingAddress': {
        'street': 'Infinite Loop',
        'houseNumberOrName': '1',
        'postalCode': '1011DJ',
        'city': 'Amsterdam',
        'country': 'NL'
  },
    'browserInfo': {
        'userAgent':  'Mozilla/5.0 (iPhone; CPU iPhone OS 11_0 like Mac OS X) AppleWebKit/604.1.38 (KHTML, like Gecko) Version/11.0 Mobile/15A5370a Safari/604.1',
        'acceptHeader': 'text\/html,application\/xhtml+xml,application\/xml;q=0.9,image\/webp,image\/apng,*\/*;q=0.8',

  },
    'amount': {
        'value': 1000,
        'currency': 'EUR'
    },
    'channel': 'iOS',
    'reference': 'YOUR_ORDER_NUMBER',
    'shopperEmail': 's.hopper@example.com',
    'returnUrl': 'my-app://',
    'merchantAccount': 'YOUR_MERCHANT_ACCOUNT'
})
// Set your X-API-KEY with the API key from the Customer Area.
string apiKey = "YOUR_X-API-KEY";
var client = new Client (apiKey, Environment.Test);
var checkout = new Checkout(client);
var amount = new Adyen.Model.Checkout.Amount("EUR", 1000);
var paymentRequest = new Adyen.Model.Checkout.PaymentRequest
{ 
// STATE_DATA is the paymentMethod field of an object passed from the front end or client app, deserialized from JSON to a data structure.
   AdditionalData = new Dictionary<string, string> { { "allow3DS2", "true" } },
    PaymentMethod = STATE_DATA,
    BillingAddress = new Model.Checkout.Address
    {
        City = "Amsterdam",
        Country = "NL",
        HouseNumberOrName = "1",
        PostalCode = "1011DJ",
        Street = "Infinite Loop"
    },
    BrowserInfo = new Model.Checkout.BrowserInfo
    {
        UserAgent = @"Mozilla/5.0 (iPhone; CPU iPhone OS 11_0 like Mac OS X) AppleWebKit/604.1.38 (KHTML, like Gecko) Version/11.0 Mobile/15A5370a Safari/604.1",
        AcceptHeader = @"text\/html,application\/xhtml+xml,application\/xml;q=0.9,image\/webp,image\/apng,*\/*;q=0.8"

    },
    Amount = amount,
    Channel = PaymentMethodsRequest.ChannelEnum.iOS
    Reference = "YOUR_ORDER_NUMBER",
    ShopperEmail = "s.hopper@example.com",
    ReturnUrl = @"my-app://",
};
var paymentResponse = checkout.Payment(paymentRequest);
const {Client, Config, CheckoutAPI} = require('@adyen/api-library');
const config = new Config();
// Set your X-API-KEY with the API key from the Customer Area.
config.apiKey = '[YOUR_X-API-KEY]';
config.merchantAccount = '[YOUR_MERCHANT_ACCOUNT]';
const client = new Client({ config });
client.setEnvironment("TEST");
const checkout = new CheckoutAPI(client);
checkout.payments({ 
    merchantAccount: config.merchantAccount,
// STATE_DATA is the paymentMethod field of an object passed from the front end or client app, deserialized from JSON to a data structure.
    paymentMethod: STATE_DATA,
    additionalData : {
        allow3DS2: true
  },
    browserInfo:{
        userAgent: "Mozilla/5.0 (iPhone; CPU iPhone OS 11_0 like Mac OS X) AppleWebKit/604.1.38 (KHTML, like Gecko) Version/11.0 Mobile/15A5370a Safari/604.1",
        acceptHeader: "text\/html,application\/xhtml+xml,application\/xml;q=0.9,image\/webp,image\/apng,*\/*;q=0.8",

  },
    billingAddress: {
        city: "Amsterdam",
        country: "NL",
        houseNumberOrName: "1",
        postalCode: "1011DJ",
        street: "Infinite Loop"
  },
    amount: { currency: "EUR", value: 1000, },
    channel: "iOS",
    reference: "YOUR_ORDER_NUMBER",
    shopperEmail: "s.hopper@example.com",
    returnUrl: "my-app://",
}).then(res => res);

Your next steps depend on whether the /payments response contains an action object, and on the action.type. Choose your API version:

action.type Description Next steps
No action object The transaction was either exempted or out-of-scope for 3D Secure 2 authentication. Use the resultCode to present the payment result to your shopper.
threeDS2 The payment qualifies for 3D Secure 2, and will go through the authentication flow. 1. Pass the action object to your client app to perform the authentication flow.
2. Submit the challenge result.
redirect The payment is routed to the 3D Secure 1 flow, based on issuer performance.
1. Pass the action object to your client app
2. Handle the redirect result.

The following example shows a /payments response with action.type: threeDS2.

/payments response
{
  "action":{
     "type":"threeDS2",
     "subtype": "fingerprint",
     "paymentData":"Ab02b4c0!BQABAgCuZFJrQOjSsl\/zt+...",
     "paymentMethodType":"scheme",
     "token":"eyJ0aHJlZURTTWV0aG9kTm90aWZpY..."
  },
  ...
}
action.type Description Next steps
No action object The transaction was either exempted or out-of-scope for 3D Secure 2 authentication. Use the resultCode to present the payment result to your shopper.
threeDS2Fingerprint The payment qualifies for 3D Secure 2, and will go through either the frictionless or the challenge flow. 1. Pass the action object to your client app.
2. Submit the device fingerprinting result.
threeDS2Challenge The payment qualifies for 3D Secure 2, and the issuer is initiating a challenge flow. 1. Pass the action object to your client app.
2. Submit the challenge result.
redirect The payment is routed to the 3D Secure 1 flow, based on issuer performance.
1. Pass the action object to your client app
2. Handle the redirect result.

The following example shows a /payments response with action.type: threeDS2Fingerprint

/payments response
{
  "resultCode":"IdentifyShopper",
  "action":{
    "paymentData":"Ab02b4c0!BQABAgCuZFJrQOjSsl\/zt+...",
    "paymentMethodType":"scheme",
    "token":"eyJ0aHJlZURTTWV0aG9kTm90aWZpY...",
    "type":"threeDS2Fingerprint"
  },
  "authentication":{
    "threeds2.fingerprintToken":"eyJ0aHJlZURTTWV0aG9kTm90aWZpY..."
  },
  ...
}

Use the 3D Secure 2 Component

Use the 3D Secure 2 Component to perform the 3D Secure 2 authentication flows, and receive the information that you need to submit in your next API request.

  1. Create and persist an instance of the 3D Secure 2 Component.

    let component = ThreeDS2Component(apiContext: apiContext)
    component.delegate = self
    component.presentationDelegate = presentationDelegate
    self.threeDS2Component = component
  2. Pass the action object from the /payments (or the /payments/details) response.

    let action = try JSONDecoder().decode(Action.self, from: actionData)
    threeDS2Component.handle(action)
  3. After completing the required authentication, the Component invokes the didProvide method from the ActionComponentDelegate. Get the contents of data.details and data.paymentData, and pass this to your server. Dismiss the Component immediately, or wait until you have submitted the details to your server.

    func didSubmit(_ data: ActionComponentData, from component: ActionComponent)

    In case an error occurs on the app, the Component invokes the didFail method from the ActionComponentDelegate. Dismiss the Component's view controller and display an error message.

    func didFail(with error: Error, from component: ActionComponent)
  4. From your server, make a /payments/details request, specifying:
    • paymentData: The data.paymentData from the didProvide method from your client app. Not required for Checkout API v67 and above.
    • details: The data.details from the didProvide method from your client app.
curl https://checkout-test.adyen.com/v67/payments/details \
-H "x-API-key: YOUR_X-API-KEY" \
-H "content-type: application/json" \
-d '{hint:object passed from the front end or client app}STATE_DATA{/hint}'
require 'adyen-ruby-api-library'

# Set your X-API-KEY with the API key from the Customer Area.
adyen = Adyen::Client.new
adyen.env = :test
adyen.api_key = "YOUR_X-API-KEY"

# STATE_DATA is an object passed from the front end or client app, deserialized from JSON to a data structure.
request = STATE_DATA 
response = adyen.checkout.payments.details(request)  

# Check if further action is needed.
if response.body.has_key(:action)
   # Pass the action object to your frontend
   puts response.body[:action]
else
   # No further action needed, pass the resultCode to your frontend
   puts response.body[:resultCode]
end
// Set your X-API-KEY with the API key from the Customer Area.
String xApiKey = "YOUR_X-API-KEY";
Client client = new Client(xApiKey,Environment.TEST);
Checkout checkout = new Checkout(client);
// STATE_DATA is an object passed from the front end or client app, deserialized from JSON to a data structure.
PaymentsDetailsRequest paymentsDetailsRequest = STATE_DATA;
PaymentsResponse paymentsDetailsResponse = checkout.paymentsDetails(paymentsDetailsRequest);
// Set your X-API-KEY with the API key from the Customer Area.
$client = new \Adyen\Client();
$client->setEnvironment(\Adyen\Environment::TEST);
$client->setXApiKey("YOUR_X-API-KEY");
$service = new \Adyen\Service\Checkout($client);

// STATE_DATA is an object passed from the front end or client app, deserialized from JSON to a data structure.
$params = STATE_DATA;
$result = $service->paymentsDetails($params);

// Check if further action is needed
if (array_key_exists("action", $result)){
   // Pass the action object to your frontend.
   // $result["action"]
}
else {
   // No further action needed, pass the resultCode to your front end
   // $result['resultCode']
}
# Set your X-API-KEY with the API key from the Customer Area.
adyen = Adyen.Adyen()
adyen.payment.client.platform = "test"
adyen.client.xapikey = 'YOUR_X-API-KEY'

# STATE_DATA is an object passed from the front end or client app, deserialized from JSON to a data structure.
request = STATE_DATA
result = adyen.checkout.payments_details(request)

# Check if further action is needed.
if 'action' in result.message:
   # Pass the action object to your front end
   # result.message['action']
else:
   # No further action needed, pass the resultCode to your front end
   # result.message['resultCode']
// Set your X-API-KEY with the API key from the Customer Area.
string apiKey = "YOUR_X-API-KEY";
var client = new Client (apiKey, Environment.Test);
var checkout = new Checkout(client);
// STATE_DATA is an object passed from the front end or client app, deserialized from JSON to a data structure.
var paymentsDetailsRequest = STATE_DATA;
var paymentsDetailsResponse = checkout.PaymentsDetails(paymentsDetailsRequest);
const {Client, Config, CheckoutAPI} = require('@adyen/api-library');
const config = new Config();
// Set your X-API-KEY with the API key from the Customer Area.
config.apiKey = '[YOUR_X-API-KEY]';
const client = new Client({ config });
client.setEnvironment("TEST");
const checkout = new CheckoutAPI(client);
// STATE_DATA is an object passed from the front end or client app, deserialized from JSON to a data structure.
checkout.paymentsDetails(STATE_DATA).then(res => res);

Your next steps depend on whether the /payments/details response contains an action object.

If you receive an action object, store the action.paymentData on your server - you'll need this when making a /payments/details request later.

action.type Description Next steps
No action object The 3D Secure 2 authentication process has been completed. Use the resultCode from the /payments response to present the payment result to your shopper.
threeDS2Challenge The issuer requires further shopper interaction and is initiating a challenge flow. 1. Pass the action object to your client app.
2. Go back to step 2 to initiate the challenge process and submit authentication results.

Customizing the UI for 3D Secure 2

The Component inherits your app's theme to ensure the UI of the challenge flow fits your app's look and feel. For more UI customizations, use the customization options provided in the appearanceConfiguration property.

For more information on iOS Components classes, refer to our Reference documentation.

Present the payment result

Use the resultCode from the /payments or /payments/details response to present the payment result to your shopper. You will also receive the outcome of the payment asynchronously in a notification webhook.

For card payments, you can receive the following resultCode values:

resultCode Description Action to take
Authorised The payment was successful. Inform the shopper that the payment has been successful.
If you are using manual capture, you also need to capture the payment.
Cancelled The shopper cancelled the payment. Ask the shopper whether they want to continue with the order, or ask them to select a different payment method.
Error There was an error when the payment was being processed. For more information, check the refusalReason field. Inform the shopper that there was an error processing their payment.
Refused The payment was refused. For more information, check the refusalReason field. Ask the shopper to try the payment again using a different payment method.

Test and go live

Use our test card numbers to test how your integration handles different 3D Secure 2 authentication scenarios.

See also