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Return the funds to the shopper when you are not sure whether the payment has been captured.

Use the /payments/paymentPspReference/reversals endpoint if you want to return the funds to your shopper, but are not certain whether the payment has been captured or not.

This will either: 

  • Cancel the payment – in case it has not yet been captured. 
  • Refund the payment – in case it has already been captured.

You get the outcome of the reversal request asynchronously, in a CANCEL_OR_REFUND webhook.

Do not use the /payments/paymentPspReference/reversals endpoint for payments that involve

Instead, check if the payment has been captured and make a corresponding /payments/paymentPspReference/cancels or /payments/paymentPspReference/refunds call.

Reverse a payment

Make a POST  /payments/paymentPspReference/reversals request, where paymentPspReference is the pspReference of the payment that you want to reverse. You can find the pspReference in the AUTHORISATION webhook.

In your request, include:

  • merchantAccount: The name of your merchant account that is used to process the payment.
  • reference: You can optionally include a reference reversal request. The reference field is useful to tag a partial cancel or refund for reconciliation.
curl \
-H 'Content-Type: application/json' \
-d '{
    "reference": "YOUR_UNIQUE_REFERENCE",
    "merchantAccount": "YOUR_MERCHANT_ACCOUNT"
String xApiKey = "YOUR_X-API-KEY";
Client client = new Client(xApiKey,Environment.TEST);
Checkout checkout = new Checkout(client);
var paymentReversalRequest = new CreatePaymentReversalRequest();
String paymentPspReference = "VK9DRSLLRCQ2WN82";
var response = checkout.paymentsReversals(paymentPspReference, paymentReversalRequest);

The /payments/paymentPspReference/reversals  response includes a pspReference, Adyen's unique reference associated with this reversal request.

    "merchantAccount": "YOUR_MERCHANT_ACCOUNT",
    "paymentPspReference": "VK9DRSLLRCQ2WN82",
    "pspReference" : "TF995R5G6L2GWR82",
    "reference": "YOUR_UNIQUE_REFERENCE",
    "status" : "received"


You receive the outcome of the reversal request asynchronously, in a notification webhook that includes :

  • eventCode: CANCEL_OR_REFUND.
  • originalReference: the PSP reference of the original payment.
  • pspReference: the pspReference from the reversal response.
  • success: indicates whether the request to reverse the payment was successful. Possible values:
    • true: your request was successful. The modification.action field shows whether the request produced a cancel or a refund. This depends on whether the original payment has already been captured.
    • false: your request failed. The notification includes a reason field with a short description of the problem. Review the reason, fix the issue if possible, and resubmit the reversal request.
               "modification.action": "refund"
               "currency": "EUR",
               "value": 1025

For more information about the included fields, see the CANCEL_OR_REFUND notification reference.

See also