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BACS Direct Debit for API only

Add BACS Direct Debit to an existing API-only integration.

Accept BACS Direct Debit payments using our APIs, and build your own payment form to have full control over the look and feel of your checkout page.

Before you begin

These instructions explain how to add BACS Direct Debit to your existing API-only integration. The API-only integration works the same way for all payment methods. If you haven't done this integration yet, refer to our API-only integration guide.

Before starting your BACS Direct Debit integration:

  1. Make sure that you have set up your back end implementation.
  2. Add BACS Direct Debit in your test Customer Area.

Build your payment form for BACS Direct Debit

Include BACS Direct Debit in the list of available payment methods. You don't need to collect any information from the shopper in your payment form.

If you are using the /paymentMethods to show available payment methods to the shopper, specify the following:

The response contains paymentMethod.type: directdebit_GB.

We provide logos for BACS and Direct Debit which you can use on your payment form. For more information, refer to Downloading logos.

Make a payment

In your /payments request, specify:

  • paymentMethod.type: directdebit_GB

curl https://checkout-test.adyen.com/v51/payments \
-H "x-API-key: YOUR_X-API-KEY" \
-H "content-type: application/json" \
-d '{
  "merchantAccount":"YOUR_MERCHANT_ACCOUNT",
  "reference":"YOUR_ORDER_NUMBER",
  "amount":{
    "currency":"GBP",
    "value":1000
  },
  "{hint:paymentComponentData.paymentMethod from app}paymentMethod{/hint}":{
    "type":"directdebit_GB"
  },
  "returnUrl":"adyencheckout://your.package.name"
}'
# Set your X-API-KEY with the API key from the Customer Area.
adyen = Adyen::Client.new
adyen.api_key = "YOUR_X-API-KEY"
 
response = adyen.checkout.payments({
  :amount => {
    :currency => "GBP",
    :value => 1000
  },
  :reference => "YOUR_ORDER_NUMBER",
  :paymentMethod => {
    :type => "directdebit_GB"
  },
  :returnUrl => "adyencheckout://your.package.name",
  :merchantAccount => "YOUR_MERCHANT_ACCOUNT"
})
// Set YOUR_X-API-KEY with the API key from the Customer Area.
// Change to Environment.LIVE and add the Live URL prefix when you're ready to accept live payments.
    Client client = new Client("YOUR_X-API-KEY", Environment.TEST);
    Checkout checkout = new Checkout(client);

    PaymentsRequest paymentsRequest = new PaymentsRequest();

    String merchantAccount = "YOUR_MERCHANT_ACCOUNT";
    paymentsRequest.setMerchantAccount(merchantAccount);

    Amount amount = new Amount();
    amount.setCurrency("GBP");
    amount.setValue(15000L);
    paymentsRequest.setAmount(amount);

    DefaultPaymentMethodDetails paymentMethodDetails = new DefaultPaymentMethodDetails();
    paymentMethodDetails.setType("directdebit_GB");
    paymentsRequest.setPaymentMethod(paymentMethodDetails);

    paymentsRequest.setReference("YOUR_ORDER_NUMBER");
    paymentsRequest.setReturnUrl("adyencheckout://your.package.name");

    PaymentsResponse paymentsResponse = checkout.payments(paymentsRequest);
// Set your X-API-KEY with the API key from the Customer Area.
$client = new \Adyen\Client();
$client->setXApiKey("YOUR_X-API-KEY");
$service = new \Adyen\Service\Checkout($client);

$params = array(
  "amount" => array(
    "currency" => "GBP",
    "value" => 1000
  ),
  "reference" => "YOUR_ORDER_NUMBER",
  "paymentMethod" => array(
    "type" => "directdebit_GB"
  ),
  "returnUrl" => "adyencheckout://your.package.name",
  "merchantAccount" => "YOUR_MERCHANT_ACCOUNT"
);
$result = $service->payments($params);
#Set your X-API-KEY with the API key from the Customer Area.
adyen = Adyen.Adyen()
adyen.client.xapikey = 'YOUR_X-API-KEY'

result = adyen.checkout.payments({
   'amount': {
      'value': 1000,
      'currency': 'GBP'
   },
   'reference': 'YOUR_ORDER_NUMBER',
   'paymentMethod': {
      'type': 'directdebit_GB'
   },
   'returnUrl': 'adyencheckout://your.package.name',
   'merchantAccount': 'YOUR_MERCHANT_ACCOUNT'
})
// Set your X-API-KEY with the API key from the Customer Area.
var client = new Client ("YOUR_X-API-KEY", Environment.Test);
var checkout = new Checkout(client);

var amount = new Model.Checkout.Amount("GBP", 1000);
var details = new Model.Checkout.DefaultPaymentMethodDetails{
  Type = "directdebit_GB"
};
var paymentsRequest = new Model.Checkout.PaymentRequest
{
  Reference = "YOUR_ORDER_NUMBER",
  Amount = amount,
  ReturnUrl = @"adyencheckout://your.package.name",
  MerchantAccount = "YOUR_MERCHANT_ACCOUNT",
  PaymentMethod = details
};

var paymentResponse = checkout.Payments(paymentsRequest);
// Set your X-API-KEY with the API key from the Customer Area.
const {Client, Config, CheckoutAPI} = require('@adyen/api-library');
const config = new Config();
// Set your X-API-KEY with the API key from the Customer Area.
config.apiKey = '[API_KEY]';
config.merchantAccount = '[YOUR_MERCHANT_ACCOUNT]';
const client = new Client({ config });
client.setEnvironment("TEST");
const checkout = new CheckoutAPI(client);
checkout.payments({
    amount: { currency: "GBP", value: 1000 },
    paymentMethod: {
        type: 'directdebit_GB'
    },
    reference: "YOUR_ORDER_NUMBER",
    merchantAccount: config.merchantAccount,
    returnUrl: "adyencheckout://your.package.name"
}).then(res => res);

The /payments response contains:

  • resultCode: RedirectShopper
  • details: Array that contains the key parameter name and the corresponding data type that you should expect when the shopper is redirected to your returnURL. You need to submit this value in your /payments/details request when handling the redirect.
  • action: Object containing information about the redirect.
  • action.paymentData: Value that you need to submit in your /payments/details request when handling the redirect.
  • action.url: Link to where you should redirect your shopper.
  • action.method: GET or POST. The HTTP request method that you should use. After the shopper completes the payment, they will be redirected back to your returnURL using the same method.
    The redirect method depends on your payment method configuration and the length of the data included in the request, so make sure that your integration can handle both HTTP GET and HTTP POST methods.

{
    "resultCode": "RedirectShopper",
    "action": {
        "method": "GET",
        "paymentData": "abcxyz...",
        "paymentMethodType": "directdebit_GB",
        "type": "redirect",
        "url": "https://test.adyen.com/hpp/details.shtml?brandCode=directdebit_GB&countryCode=GB..."
    },
    "details": [
        {
            "key": "payload",
            "type": "text"
        }
    ],
    "paymentData": "abcxyz...",
    "redirect": {
        "method": "GET",
        "url": "https://test.adyen.com/hpp/details.shtml?brandCode=directdebit_GB&countryCode=GB..."
    }
}    

Handle the redirect

To complete a BACS Direct Debit payment, you need to redirect the shopper to the Adyen-hosted webpage. After the shopper is redirected back to your website or app, make a /payments/details request to check the payment result.

For more information and detailed instructions, refer to Handling redirects.

Present the payment result

Use the resultCode that you received in the /payments/details response to present the payment result to your shopper.

The resultCode values you can receive for BACS Direct Debit are:

resultCode Description Action to take
Received Adyen has received the payment and will submit the DDI and the payment for processing to BACS. You will receive a notification when the status of the payment has been updated.
There will be a settlement delay of four to six days. Inform the shopper that you've received their order, and are waiting for the payment to be completed.
Cancelled The shopper cancelled the payment while on their bank's website or app. Ask the shopper whether they want to continue with the order, or request that they select a different payment method.
If a shopper completed the payment but failed to return to your website or app, you will receive the outcome of the payment in an AUTHORISATION notification.

Recurring payments

If you have a recurring or subscription business model, we recommend tokenizing the shopper's payment details. When you create a shopper token from a BACS Direct Debit payment, we store the shopper's payment details with the token. You can use this token to make recurring BACS Direct Debit payments.
You need to use the /payments endpoint to make recurring payments with the token.

We strongly recommend that you request explicit permission from the shopper if you intend to make recurring BACS Direct Debit payments. Being transparent about the payment schedule and the amount they will be charged will reduce the risk of chargebacks. Under the Direct Debit Guarantee, if there is a change in the collection date or the amount, you must give the shopper advance notice of the payment.

Create shopper token

Tokenize the shopper's payment details when you make the initial BACS Direct Debit payment.

  1. When you make a POST request to /payments to make a payment, additionally include:
  • shopperReference: Your unique ID for this shopper.
  • paymentMethod.storePaymentMethodtrue.
  1. When you receive the notification that the payment was authorised, note the recurringDetailReference or the storedPaymentMethodId. This is the token you will need to make recurring payments for this shopper.

Make recurring payments

For each recurring payment for this shopper, make a BACS Direct Debit payment with a POST request to the /payments endpoint, and additionally include:

  • paymentMethod.recurringDetailReference or paymentMethod.storedPaymentMethodIdfor API v49 and above. This is the recurringDetailReference returned in the response when you created the token. This holds the token for the shopper received in the successful payment notification for the initial payment.
  • shopperReference: The same unique shopper ID you used to create the shopper token.
  • shopperInteraction: ContAuth.
{
   "merchantAccount":"YourMerchantAccount",
   "reference":"BACS test payment",
   "shopperReference":"YOUR_UNIQUE_SHOPPER_ID_IOfW3k9G2PvXFu2j",
   "shopperInteraction":"ContAuth",
   "amount":{
      "currency":"GBP",
      "value":"49900"
   },
   "paymentMethod":{
      "type":"directdebit_GB",
      "storedPaymentMethodId":"7219687191761347"
   },
   "countryCode":"GB",
   "shopperLocale":"en_gb",
   "returnUrl":"https://your-company.com/..."
}    

If the payment was successfully received the response will contain the resultCode Received and a pspReference, which is our unique identifier for this transaction. You can track whether the payment was successful using notifications.

Chargebacks

The BACS scheme and the Direct Debit Guarantee give significant consumer rights to the shopper, such as:

  • An immediate money back guarantee if an error is made in the payment of a direct debit.
  • The right to cancel the DDI at any time.

Unpaid direct debits are booked as chargebacks. A chargeback can indicate that:

  • The DDI was changed or cancelled.
  • The shopper disputes the due date, amount, or frequency of the direct debit.
  • The shopper has not paid the direct debit.
  • There were insufficient funds in the shopper's bank account.
You cannot defend against BACS chargebacks. These will always result in the shopper receiving a refund.

For more information on the chargeback process, refer to Dispute management.

Chargeback notification

A notification for a chargeback has:

  • pspReference: Adyen's unique reference associated with the payment request.
  • eventCodeCHARGEBACK.
  • reason: Reason for the chargeback.
  • successtrue.

Here is an example of a notification for a chargeback due to insufficient funds in the shopper's bank account.

{
   "live":"false",
   "notificationItems":[
      {
         "NotificationRequestItem":{
            "additionalData":{
               "directdebit_GB.mandateId":"424544",
               "directdebit_GB.serviceUserNumber":"298288",
               "directdebit_GB.serviceUserName":"Adyen Payments",
               "directdebit_GB.sequenceType":"OneOff",
               "directdebit_GB.dateOfSignature":"2016-10-21"
            },
            "amount":{
               "currency":"GBP",
               "value":1000
            },
            "eventCode":"CHARGEBACK",
            "eventDate":"2016-10-21T11:34:15+02:00",
            "merchantAccountCode":"YourMerchantAccount",
            "merchantReference":"TMRef1234",
            "paymentMethod":"directdebit_GB",
            "pspReference":"9914770424540842",
            "reason":"Insufficient funds",             
            "success":"true"
         }
      }
   ]
}

Test and go live

Before accepting live BACS Direct Debit payments, test your integration using the following details: 

Account Name Account Number Sort Code
David Archer 40308669 560036

Check the status of BACS Direct Debit test payments in your Customer Area > Transactions > Payments.

Before you can accept live BACS Direct Debit payments, you need to submit a request for BACS Direct Debit in your live Customer Area.

See also